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The Introduction of Compendium of
Materia Medica(Üâõ®ËµÙÍ) and Praxis in
the Late Joseon Dynasty
OH Chaekun, KIM Yongjin
Dept. of History of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Daejon Univ.
96-3 Yongun-dong, Dong-gu, Daejon, 300-716, Korea
Tel : 82-42-280-2626 / E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
Sakae Miki said Classified Emergency Materia Medica(ñû×¾Üâõ®) had
been the dominant standard of herbology throughout Joseon Dynasty, and
that Compendium of Materia Medica(Üâõ®ËµÙÍ) had only been accepted
so lately that a few books used herbological result of it in the late Joseon
But according to Visiting Old Beijing Diary (æØú¼ìíÖâ) written by Munjoong
Seo(ßïÙþñì) in 1690, Compendium of Materia Medica(Üâõ®ËµÙÍ) was
in fact introduced before the year 1712, the year Miki Sakae argued to be
the year Compendium of Materia Medica was accepted to Joseon officially.
Now, we can assume that the introducing year of Compendium of Materia
Medica was faster than Miki Sakae's opinion by the following reasons; the
effort of Joseon government and intellectuals to buy new books of Ming
(Ù¥) & Ching(ôè); the publishing year of the book for living in countryside
(ß£×ùÌèð) regarded as the first citing literature of Compendium of Materia
Medica. And the True Records of the Joseon Dynasty (ðÈàØèÝðÈãùÖâ) and
many collections written by intellectuals in the 18th century show that the
herbological knowledge from Compendium of Materia Medica had already
spread to the corners of Joseon Dynasty. Thus we can make the following
assumption: Classified Emergency Materia Medica and Compendium of
Materia Medica had coexisted in the late Joseon Dynasty.
Sakae Miki suggested 6 examples which used Compendium of Materia
Medica in the late Joseon Dynasty. I reviewed two of them in this paper,
Essentials of Materia Medica(Üâõ®ïñü¤) & Handbook of Prescriptions
from Materia Medica(Üâõ®Ý¾Û°øµÕÂ). Essentials of Materia Medica quoted
Compendium of Materia Medica briefly focusing clinical use, and Handbook
of Prescriptions from Materia Medica also re-compiled Compendium of
Materia Medica to practical use according to the form of Treasured Mirror
of Eastern Medicine (ÔÔì¢ÜÄÊü). It means that the results of Compendium
of Materia Medica have been used positively, based on the herbology of
materia medica from countryside(úÁå·).
From this point of view, the hyphothesis there weren't any herbological
progress after accepting Compendium of Materia Medica in the late Joseon
Dynasty by Sakae Miki can be denied.
Sakae Miki(ß²ÙÊç´), Compendium of Materia Medica(Üâõ®ËµÙÍ),
Essentials of Materia Medica(Üâõ®ïñü¤), Handbook of Prescriptions
from Materia Medica (Üâõ®Ý¾Û°øµÕÂ)
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